Hypoallergenic Dogs - The Best Choices for People with Allergies
Looking for a dog but concerned about allergies in your home? You're not alone, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, which claims that as many as three out of every ten Americans have allergic reactions to cats and dogs.
There are also many hypoallergenic dog breeds that are ideal for people with prior allergies. Your allergies do not have to prevent you from dog ownership; in fact, several of the most popular breeds are hypoallergenic, including a variety of dogs of all shapes and sizes.
Continue reading to learn about our selection of the 23 most hypoallergenic dog breeds, which will help you pick your new pet. Let's get started.
- What Are Hypoallergenic Dogs?
- Best Hypoallergenic Dogs - Top 23 Choices
- Afghan Hound
- American Hairless Terrier
- Bedlington Terrier
- Bichon Frise
- Chinese Crested
- Coton de Tulear
- Giant Schnauzer
- Irish Water Spaniel
- Kerry Blue Terrier
- Lagotto Romagnolo
- Miniature Schnauzer
- Peruvian Inca Orchid
- Portuguese Water Dog
- Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
- Spanish Water Dog
- Standard Schnauzer
- Wire Fox Terrier
- Shih Tzu
- Are Poodle Mixed Breeds Equally Hypoallergenic?
What Are Hypoallergenic Dogs?
Hypoallergenic dogs are those breeds that cause comparatively fewer allergies than other breeds. No dog is 100% hypoallergenic but since these breeds cause fewer allergies, they are considered suitable for people allergic to dogs.
In general, hypoallergenic dog breeds are those that:
- They have a non-shedding coat that generates less dander.
- If your dog doesn't have hair, the fur will not stick to them. As a result, it's less probable that dander would adhere to them.
- Short, single-layered coats are common; this implies that the dog's dander is coming off and remaining in your home due to the lack of an undercoat to shed.
If you look at the characteristics listed above, it's possible to notice a theme: dander. Although you may believe that dog allergies are caused by a dog's fur or hair, they are in fact triggered by the dander on a dog's skin or hair.
As a result, if your dog has a double-coat, thick hair, and sheds a lot, there's an increased possibility of dander floating around, leading to an allergic reaction.
Best Hypoallergenic Dogs - Top 23 Choices
Now that you know what kinds of dogs are hypoallergenic, let's look at some of the best dog breeds for allergy sufferers. Hypoallergenic dogs are often tiny to medium in size, although they vary greatly in terms of history, appearance, and disposition.
They are either hairless dogs or dogs with manageable coats that minimize dander, which is classified as such in the three categories we talked about before.
- 1. Affenpinscher
- 2. Afghan Hound
- 3. American Hairless Terrier
- 4. Basenji
- 5. Bedlington Terrier
- 6. Bichon Frise
- 7. Chinese Crested
- 8. Coton de Tulear
- 9. Giant Schnauzer
- 10. Irish Water Spaniel
- 11. Kerry Blue Terrier
- 12. Lagotto Romagnolo
- 13. Maltese
- 14. Miniature Schnauzer
- 15. Peruvian Inca Orchid
- 16. Poodle
- 17. Portuguese Water Dog
- 18. Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
- 19. Spanish Water Dog
- 20. Standard Schnauzer
- 21. Wire Fox Terrier
- 22. Xoloitzcuintli
- 23. Shih Tzu
Affenpinschers are a good choice for allergy sufferers, as their short coats require little maintenance. Affenpinscher wiry coats do not develop quickly and the dogs aren't big shedders.
It's also known for being a brave, funny, and wonderful toy-sized buddy.
The Afghan Hound is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds. Despite their lack of apparent hypoallergenic quality, Afghan Hounds have minimal shedding. These pups have short, fuzzy coats as puppies and grow up to have long, silky locks that need regular grooming.
Although these dogs are not hypoallergenic, if you don't mind grooming, they can be a fantastic choice for individuals with allergies.
Afghan hounds are recognized for their elegant and royal appearance. They're also known for being extremely devoted and loyal to those they consider family.
The American Hairless Terrier is a hairless type of dog that was developed in the United States. While they are mostly hairless, there is also a coated variety. These dogs do not shed and, if they do, only minimally.
It's important to maintain their ears clean and protect them from sunburn, but they're an ideal hypoallergenic breed.
Not only are they extremely lovable, but American Hairless Terriers have a lot of tricks up their sleeves. Plus, while they aren't as well-known as some of the other dogs on our list, American Hairless Terriers are indigenous to Louisiana and recognized for their lively terrier attitude.
The Basenji, sometimes known as the "barkless dog," is a breed of dog that has a curly tail and is renowned for its independence.
The short coat, minimal grooming requirements, and infrequent shedding of the Basenji make them excellent hypoallergenic dogs. Furthermore, Basenjis don't have a typical "dog" odor and just need to be bathed if they get into something grimy.
The Bedlington Terrier, also known as a sheepdog and polled dog, has a fleece-like coat that is extremely hypoallergenic. These dogs are energetic and like to be the center of attention.
The coats of Bedlington Terriers are crisp and curly, but not wiry, like many other terrier breeds. Despite their unique coat, these dogs don't shed.
Bedlington Terriers do not shed, but their coats grow rapidly and need to be trimmed on a regular basis.
The Bichon Frise is easy to identify thanks to his spotless white coat. With their boundless energy, Bichons are fantastic companion dogs that get along with kids and other animals and shine in big cities — they're also wonderful lap dogs.
Bichons are extremely allergy-friendly, as they have a hypoallergenic coat and seldom shed. According to the AKC, when bichons do shed, the shedding hair is trapped in their undercoat. Bichons will require brushing and grooming on a regular basis.
Chinese Cresteds come in two coat types: hairless and coated (as do American Hairless Terriers). The haired dogs don't shed, and the coated dogs only shed very little.
Both varieties of Chinese Crested, on the other hand, will need maintenance for their hairless counterparts and brushing for their coated counterparts. Overall, if you're searching for a hypoallergenic dog, these dogs are an excellent choice.
Coton de Tulears are an excellent choice if you're looking for a hypoallergenic companion.
You'll recognize one when you see him, as these dogs have soft, cotton-like white coats that can get long unless they're kept in a short "puppy clip."
Despite the fact that their coats appear to be flowing, Coton de Tulears are only modest shedders and require little maintenance, especially if their coats are trimmed short.
Giant Schnauzers are one of three types of Schnauzers, and they are one of the most hypoallergenic dogs on our list. These are big dogs that make excellent workers and friends, as their name implies.
The Giant Schnauzer is a bright, intelligent, and loyal companion. It's also very trainable.
These dogs have a lot of fur, and they shed, but not excessively. Dander can be reduced by frequent grooming and brushing for individuals with mild allergy symptoms.
The Irish Water Spaniel, like the Giant Schnauzer, is one of the most hypoallergenic dogs — tall among all AKC spaniels. In addition to being energetic, hardworking, and fond of water, Irish Water Spaniels are also very active.
Irish Water Spaniels have curly coats with a tapering "rat tail." Although they do shed seasonally, their coats are quite hypoallergenic and require regular brushing and haircuts.
Kerry Blue Terriers, with one of the most distinctive coats in the canine world, are renowned for being alert and flexible family friends. The color of Kerry's coat is blue, ranging from deep slate to light-blue gray.
Although these dogs don't shed, they do require brushing and trimming on a regular basis. Kerry Blues are one of the most hypoallergenic dogs available, making them perfect watchdogs and workhorses.
Lagotto Romagnolos, or "truffle dogs," are adorable teddy-bear-looking canines with a fascinating history, as they're originally bred to search for truffles. They're strong and hardworking, with amazing noses.
The Lagotto is a hypoallergenic breed with thick, curled hair — rather than fur – and a double coat of hair rather than fur. The coats of Lagottos require close trimming to avoid matting, but their sheds are quite light.
The Lagotto Romagnolo is a fantastic choice for allergy sufferers searching for an adorable dog with enormous endurance.
Maltese, like Bichons and Coton de Tulears, are one of the most hypoallergenic dogs. Their white coats make them stand out among small dogs that are hypoallergenic.
If their coats are kept long, these dogs will require brushing and grooming. Maltese are truly loving, cheerful, and love to sit in their family members' laps.
The Miniature Schnauzer is the tiniest of all schnauzers, but don't be fooled by their size. These are large, strong dogs that make excellent guard dogs.
Despite their double coat, Miniature Schnauzers shed very little — much like the Giant Schnauzer.
The coat of the Miniature Schnauzer may be kept clean by brushing and grooming it on a regular basis. People who are allergic to these brave dogs will not experience any negative effects.
Peruvian Inca Orchids are sighthounds, comparable to Greyhounds or Whippets, that originated in Peru. These dogs are highly devoted and defensive, making them excellent watchdogs.
Peruvian Inca Orchids are available in hairless and coated forms, as well in three sizes. allergy sufferers do not have to worry about a lot of hair or fur with these dogs, although skincare is required when they're out in the sun.
The Poodle is the most well-known hypoallergenic dog, having made the American Kennel Club's list of most popular dog breeds for more than a decade.
The Poodle comes in three sizes: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. Regardless of size, these dogs are extremely clever, adaptable, and excellent family pets.
Poodles have very little shedding and, as a result, many owners prefer to maintain their coats short and simple for easier maintenance. If you allow their coats to grow, though, you'll need to brush them regularly to avoid mats.
The Portuguese Water Dog is a clever, athletic, and water-loving friend. With curly coats comparable to some of the other breeds on our list, these medium-sized dogs are also highly trainable.
Although the coat of the Portuguese Water Dog is hypoallergenic, it is thick and sheds seasonally. As a result, to minimize allergic reactions, you'll need to groom your Portuguese Water Dog on a regular basis.
The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier has a soft, silky coat in contrast to the firm, wiry coat of other terriers. These dogs are low-shedding, but they require frequent brushing to prevent mats and remove surplus loose hair.
The Soft Coated Wheatens are lively, energetic, and sociable. These dogs have terrier-like obstinacy and should be exercised and trained regularly. They are, nevertheless, extremely devoted and loyal friends.
Spanish Water Dogs are among the most hypoallergenic dogs. The coats of these dogs are curly and fuzzy, similar to those of a Komondor or Bergamasco AKA "Mop Dogs," which may grow into tight cords when fully developed.
The coat of the Spanish Water Dog is generally kept short, as the longer, corded coat requires a lot more upkeep and experience. Despite this, these dogs shed very little, making them ideal for allergy sufferers.
The Spanish Water Dog is a lively, active companion as well as an energetic guard dog that has a long history of herding and retrieving.
The Standard Schnauzer, the last of the hypoallergenic schnauzers on our list, is between the Miniature and Giant Schnauzer in terms of stature.
In terms of character, these dogs are energetic, stubborn, and highly trainable. They're wonderful with children and fiercely loyal to their families.
This breed of dog, like other schnauzers, has a double coat that it only displays on occasion. The Standard Schnauzer's coat is not trimmed or cut to reduce dirt and shedding.
The Wire Fox Terrier is a hypoallergenic, pleasant family companion who has the most historical victories at the annual Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in New York City.
These are intelligent, self-reliant dogs who have a lot of energy. Fox Terriers, like most terriers, have raggedy wiry coats. These coats do not shed very often and are low-maintenance, especially when groomed short.
The final hypoallergenic dog on our list has a difficult-to-pronounce name, hence they're commonly known as Xolo (“Show-low”) for short.
The Mexican Hairless Dog is a non-shedding dog that originated in Mexico and resembles the American Hairless Terrier as well as the Peruvian Inca Orchid. Xolos, on the other hand, are known for their wrinkled foreheads and make wonderful watchdogs while being loving companions.
Hairless and coated Xolos are available in three sizes and two types, as with the Peruvian Inca Orchid.
The hairless dogs don't shed, while the coated ones only shed minimally, so they should be brushed on a regular basis. Xolos, like other hairless dog breeds, need specialized care.
Shih Tzus dates back to the Tang Dynasty and is referred to as "almighty lion dogs." You'll see why the breed once conquered royalty with their regal (but low-shedding!) appearance and charming personalities.
Their hair grows naturally, so they require a lot of care. Learn about a good groomer and teach your dog to enjoy being brushed on a daily basis.
All of these breeds make excellent pets and emotional support animals. And they cause impressively fewer allergies.
Are Poodle Mixed Breeds Equally Hypoallergenic?
The question, "What is the best hypoallergenic dog breed?" isn't as simple to answer. Labradoodles, Goldendoodles, and other mixed breeds (for example, Labrador Retriever + Poodle) are somewhat less clearly defined in terms of the hypoallergenic canine species.
Because poodles are recognized for being hypoallergenic, doodles are frequently advertised as such. It's much more difficult, though, to predict what kinds of coats these dogs will have and whether their hair will cause allergies.
Although the Goldendoodle's gene pool is half Poodle, the other half comes from a Golden Retriever, a breed noted for its thick, double coat.
Because Golden retrievers are known to shed frequently, it's impossible to tell whether the pups created through this breeding will have an allergy-free coat, a complete shedding coat, or something in between.
It's usually safe to guess that these crossbreeds will have coats that fall in the middle, but it's difficult to predict exactly. As a result, while one doodle may not cause an allergic reaction for you or your family member, the same may not be true of another dog in the same litter.
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