Russian Bear Dog: History, Facts, & Physical Traits

Russian Bear Dog

The Russian Bear Dog originates from the Caucasus mountains, and it is also known as a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. A very large canine and famous as a family pet. They are huge, but they are hugely loyal also.

Moreover, they are one of the biggest breeds today and are used as guard dogs in Russia and other countries. Today, besides being excellent prison guard dogs, these canines are also known and valued for being great livestock guardians.

The Russian Bear Dog is known by different names such as Caucasian Ovcharka and Caucasian Shepherd.

If you want to know more about this breed, continue reading this blog and know everything about these giant and loyal dogs.

Russian Bear Dog - Breed Overview

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a loyal and intelligent breed that is known for its immense size and structure. They are known to be a perfect guard dog, always alert for intruders, big or small. The breed was originally bred as companions and assistants for shepherds, who needed protection against wolves and bears.

These canines have strong guarding instincts that they use to protect their human families and properties. Since they do not like strangers and other animals, sometimes they may overreact around them. They are very territorial and do not like anyone entering their territory.

Once you bring one of these massive animals home, they would treat your house as their territory and protect it with their lives.

The Russian Bear Dog is a large and independent breed with a strong and dependable attitude. Though they are not very high energy, due to their size, they need a large space. Because of this, they are not ideal for apartment living.

The Russian Bear Dogs are known for their loud and deep bark. They are excellent family pets and will alert owners to any danger. They like to be by their owners’ side all the time and do not like to be chained up outside. Instead of chaining him, socialize and train him properly.

With proper training, they become excellent companion animals and loyal pets and emotional support animals.

Russian Bear Dog History and Origin

The original name of this breed in Russia is Caucasian Ovcharka. It means “the Sheepdog of Caucasus” because it originates from the Kavkaz/Caucasus Mountain Range and is used as a guard dog for sheep herding. Also, the Caucasus mountains are home to many larger dogs.

Moreover, in the 20th century, the Soviet breeders began an animal breeding program. The program included breeds from all over their empire, such as Georgian Shepherds and Caucasian Mountain Dogs.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog’s actual originations are unknown but it is believed that these dogs have mastiffs and other large dogs in their ancestry. They were bred to be incredibly intelligent and obedient, with high stamina levels for working long hours on little food or water.

Furthermore, this breed first appeared in the 1930s outside of Russia's Caucasus Mountains. It is well-known for its hardworking nature, and many major kennel clubs recognized it.

In 1990, an Ohio-based couple imported the first Caucasian Ovcharkas into the United States and founded their own Caucasian Ovcharka Club of America.

However, in 1995, this dog breed became a member of the United Kennel Club (UKC). They are also accepted by American Kennel Club (AKC) and Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Also, in 2008 the Russian Bear Dog competed in events.

This breed was also considered bear hunting dogs, and they are very loyal and affectionate with their owner.

Russian Bear Dog Size

The Russian Bear Dog is normally huge, and they are considered a giant breed. Also, they are similar to Tibetan Mastiffs in both size and weight.

Here is a size chart of the Russian Bear Dog.

Male Female
27 - 30 inches 25 - 28 inches
Male Female
110 - 220 pounds 100 - 180 pounds

Russian Bear Dog Physical Trait

The Russian Bear Dog is a muscular and humongous breed of dog. They have thick double coats that enable them to work in the coldest regions without any problems, making them perfect family companions.

The following are the physical traits of the Russian Bear Dog.

Body Eyes
  • Broad body
  • Visibly noticeable muscles
  • Bright and alert
  • Dark and oval
  • Brown in color
Coat Ears
  • Double coat
  • Soft inner coat and coarse outer coat
  • Dense weather-resistant coat
  • Triangular shaped
  • High and thin
Color Nose
  • Blue and tan, grizzle and tan, red and wheaten
  • Black
  • Large nostrils
Teeth Neck
  • Sharp and pointy
  • Long teeth
  • Strong without any gaps
  • Powerful albeit short neck
Tail Skull
  • Covered with long feathering of heavy hair
  • Thick and furry
  • Broad skull
  • Flat forehead
Paws Legs
  • Large paws
  • Short legs
Forequarters Hindquarters
  • Strong and straight front legs
  • Well-angulated hocks
  • Well arched and rounded in shape
Feet Muzzle
  • Large and oval-shaped
  • Both front and back legs have dewclaws
  • Powerful muzzle that tapers off to his black nose

Russian Bear Dog Grooming Tips, Food, & Health

Grooming is a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. The Caucasian Shepherd dog has a long coat that needs to be groomed daily. It protects the dog from the cold and moisture.

Further, regular brushing is necessary for its long hair that will help to minimize shedding. Also, it is good for circulation and hair health too. It is recommended to brush its hair 2-3 times a week to avoid knotted hair.

Also, you need to pay attention to his nails and properly trim and clean them. Keep his ears clean and dry. Check them regularly for wax buildup, debris, and ear infections. It is important to brush its teeth 3-4 times a week, and consult the vet if necessary.

However, If you will take him for grooming to a professional groomer, make sure that the groomer has experience with grooming large dogs. In case it is your first time taking your dog anywhere, make sure you tell them beforehand so nothing goes wrong when someone new sees how intimidating these dogs can look.

Russian Bear Dog Diet and Nutrition

The Russian Bear Dog requires a good and proper diet to stay healthy and fit. However, before giving anything to them, make sure you know its nutritional requirements and speak to its vet about its food and diet.

Also, you should know that they require a lot of dog food and are not very active. Therefore, they can easily become overweight.

Obesity in any breed is not good. Since it is a huge dog with immense weight, putting on more weight could harm him and cause a number of health issues.

However, when you feed your dog, give him small and frequent meals. Instead of giving two or three big meals a day, give small meals frequently to prevent bloat. Moreover, avoid foods containing legumes, peas, and potatoes and remember, grain-free is not always the best choice.

A Caucasian sheepdog can be fed a variety of meats, raw vegetables with sunflower oil. They don't need to drink milk either - just replace it with yogurt or ryazhenka. A healthy diet will keep your pet's coat shiny and vibrant. Give them fatty acids twice a day, morning and evening.

Here is a table that shows which nutrients are important for the Russian Bear Dog.

Russian Bear Dog Health Problems

The Russian Bear Dog is an excellent breed for people who want a large, loyal companion. However, this dog can be risky if the owner doesn't take care of him properly and give him an inappropriate diet and exercise.

The Russian Bear dog is a healthy dog breed, but they are still susceptible to some health problems. They usually have healthy lives with few chronic diseases.

The most common problems that they will face are:

  • Weight gain
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Cataracts
  • Bloat/gastric torsion
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Luxating patella

Therefore, If you want to avoid any health problems, care for your Russian Bear Dog properly by providing the right diet and exercise. If necessary, consult with a vet to help them stay healthy. Your vet is a great resource if you are unsure which food or how much to feed your pup.

The dog needs to be walked at least once a day, so they don't become overweight. They can go on long walks and hikes, but it's best if you walk in front of them while holding their leash because that will teach the pup who is the owner.

Dogs also love fetching balls or chasing things around- make sure your yard has plenty of space for this activity with good fencing.

Russian Bear Dog Temperament and Personality

A Russian Bear Dog is a very protective dog bred to watch the livestock and home for intruders or predators. They are known as guard dogs due to their history, but they can be family pets, too, with proper training.

Moreover, this dog breed is loyal, affectionate, and always wants to keep its family safe. They may not be the best choice for first-time owners or those with little experience of handling canines. They require an experienced owner and obedience training because they are distrustful of strangers and other animals.

Also, these dogs are a great option for families with older children. They are strong enough to save their close ones from any danger. They can be trained to develop more laid-back personalities and have the ability to form strong bonds, which makes them excellent companion animals.

These dogs are intelligent and independent while it is also known for its ferocious behavior. Russian Bear Dogs are not hyperactive and can be lethargic. They need a daily walk, or else they become very comfortable being on their own as independent dogs.

These dogs require lots of physical activity because they are prone to diabetes and other illnesses if not properly exercised. Their playful nature means that you should keep them busy with exercise so their health lasts longer.

Russian Bear Dog for Sale - Shall I Buy or Adopt?

You can both buy or adopt these dogs but adopting is considered a better option. Though the breed is rare and has excellent qualities, you may find many of them in rescue homes and shelters.

Check with local shelter and rescue homes and see if you could find one there. Adopting is cheaper also.

Finding a reputable breeder is important if you are planning to buy a puppy. A trusted breeder should be able to answer all of your questions about temperament and health.

Finding a reputable breeder is not an easy task, but it's worth researching because you'll have better odds at finding a healthy family dog who has been bred responsibly by someone who cares deeply for dogs and potential dog owners..

Therefore, if you want to buy this breed, you should know:

  • How much time will your new family member spend alone?
  • How will you spend time with him?
  • How often would you go out for a walk with him?
  • How often would you travel with him?

These are the questions you must keep in mind when adopting or buying the Russian Bear Dog.

Russian Bear Dog Price

The price of the Russian Bear Dog varies greatly. Many factors affect price, including training, socialization efforts, breed lines, litter size, and conditions in which they were bred.

Its price will largely depend on who you buy from, and prices can range anywhere between $500 and $2000.

How to Train a Russian Bear Dog?

For dog trainers, the Russian Bear Dog is one of the hardest breeds to train. They are independent and intelligent - traits that also make them hard for you as a trainer.

To properly train one of these hard-headed creatures, start as early as possible. Therefore, there will be plenty of time for teaching your dog about identifying strangers and danger.

Here are some tips that you should follow when training your Russian Bear Dog.

  • Make sure that your dog walks beside or behind you.
  • Create a schedule of your daily walk that matches your dog’s walking routine.
  • Add intervals in your workout, but it depends on your walk route and fitness level.
  • Reward your dog at the end of the walk.

Russian Bear Dog as an Emotional Support Animal

Russian Bear Dogs make great pets and emotional support animals. They are very intelligent and when trained properly, they are not violent at all. They are protective, loyal, and very alert, all that is needed for being a great watchdog and a companion.

Also, the Russian Bear Dog won’t disturb you with excessive barking. However, they know how to keep a watchful eye over the house and the house members, and warn you of any danger.

Therefore, if you are interested in adopting this dog breed for your emotional support, apply for an ESA letter. You can simply consult and get the valid letter on time without any difficulty.

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is a Russian Bear Dog?

The Russian Bear Dog is a large, muscular breed that can grow up to 170lbs and stand at around 30 inches tall. These protective, loyal canines are wary of those they don’t know but will protect their family.

Are Russian Bear Dogs easy to train?

The Russian Bear Dogs need a firm hand because they’re independent and protective. They are intelligent and need to be trained properly and if you do not want them to take over your house.

Are Russian Bear Dogs dangerous?

A large breed with strong guarding instincts can be dangerous when brought home to a new environment. It is especially true for inexperienced pet owners or if the animal is not supervised enough by its owner.

Which dogs are similar to the Russian Bear Dog?

Tibetan Mastiffs, Irish Wolfhounds, and Bernese Mountain Dogs are three breeds that may look similar to the Russian Bear Dog but have a different temperament. At the same time, they all share some physical similarities like long legs, fluffy coats, or bushy tails.

However, their personalities differ from one another, with the Tibetan Mastiff being more laid back while the other two can be quite rowdy at times.

What is the bite force of a Russian Bear Dog?

Approximately 550 - 700 psi, which is A LOT. These dogs have immense strength and this is visible from their bite force also.

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